CNA Practice Test: Get Ready for Your CNA Exam!

CNA Practice Test

Welcome to our free Practice Tests for Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA).

When it comes to quality standards, we are proud to say that our practice tests follow the example of the numerous CNA state tests and, therefore, they are based on the standards of the National Nurse Aide Assessment Program (NNAAP).

The following practice test contains 60 questions in total.

36 of these questions are in the realm of physical care, 16 in the realm of nurse aid and 8 more in the realm of psycho-social care.

Make the first step to your professional career by taking our CNA practice test which will prepare you to do your best at your upcoming exam!

CNA Practice Test

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Question 1
The work tasks of the nursing assistant do NOT involve:
A
Assisting the patient during hygiene practices.
B
Dispensing remedies and drugs.
C
Providing a room-cleaning service for the resident.
D
Providing "Cold Therapy" to injured areas with a medical ice bag.
Question 1 Explanation: 
The professional skills of nursing assistants do not include dispensing remedies and drugs. Medications may be dispensed only by the adequately licensed medical staff.
Question 2
Which of the situations listed is an example of battery toward a patient?
A
The nursing assistant cleans the patient's eyeglasses.
B
The nursing assistant kindly asks if she/he may accompany the patient to the bathroom.
C
The nursing assistant performs hygiene practices (bathing) on the patient without his/ her previous consent.
D
The nursing assistant takes disciplinary action against the patient by isolating him/her from the other patients.
Question 2 Explanation: 
Bathing a patient without his/her previous consent is an example of battery towards a patient. The disciplinary action that forces the patient to stay isolated from others is an example of involuntary seclusion.
Question 3
The nursing assistant encounters a patient in the facility who has a number of bruises of unknown origin and, demonstrates a general lack of response and rejects the Activities of Daily Living (ADL). Which is the next step that ought to be taken by the nursing assistant?
A
To report the unknown bruises to the nurse that takes care of the patient.
B
To notify the nursing assistant's immediate supervisor about the patient's current condition.
C
To continue questioning the patient about any possible abuse and abuser(s).
D
To collect clues and proofs that would eventually reveal the abuser's identity
Question 3 Explanation: 
Any suspicion of abuse ought to be promptly reported to the nursing assistant’s supervisor. This type of situations demands a serious approach and intervention from additional professionals besides the nursing assistant. Waiting or just reporting the unexplained bruises might postpone the essential help needed.
Question 4
Which of the following describes MRSA? 
A
A mutinous strain of bacteria that is highly repellent to antibiotic treatment.
B
A strain of bacteria that can be treated with antibiotics.
C
An acronym which serves as a mnemonic for fire caution in the facility.
D
A set of guidelines which aim to maintain the safety of residents.
Question 4 Explanation: 
MRSA is the acronym of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, i.e. highly resistant to a number of antibiotic treatments.
Question 5
A nursing assistant may prevent infections if:
A
He/ She cares for residents by following the general precautions.
B
He/She applies an antiseptic hand lotion prior to and after providing care to patients.
C
He/She puts hand gloves prior touching any body fluids.
D
He/ She washes hands frequently.
Question 5 Explanation: 
All of the aforementioned measures are effective, however, the frequent washing of hands has proven to be the most effective way for the prevention of infectious diseases.
Question 6
Please mark the crucial aspect in caregiving when giving a bath to a patient:
A
Cleaning of the patient's perineal area prior to providing face cleaning.
B
Using cool water in order to improve the patient's blood circulation.
C
Giving the patient a chance to participate in the hygiene practice in order to boost their self-esteem.
D
Preventing patients' participation in the hygiene practice in order to spare their energy.
Question 6 Explanation: 
The nursing assistant should allow the patient to participate in the hygiene practice in order to promote their independence and positive feelings. Moreover, it is recommendable to use warm water and the best would be to wash the patient's face after the perineal area has been washed.
Question 7
Please mark the appropriate skin-care measures during caregiving:
A
An additional staff member must be present before the nursing assistant performs perineal care to a patient.
B
The nursing assistant immediately reports to the nurse if he/ she spots non-blanchable redness on the patient's sacrum.
C
The nursing assistant applies talcum powder under the patient's abdominal skin folds.
D
A prescribed skin ointment is applied by the nursing assistant on specific areas of the patient's body.
Question 7 Explanation: 
The nursing assistant must report to the nurse if he/she notices any red marks on the patient's body. The nursing assistant mustn't apply prescribed ointments nor talcum powder. Perineal care may be provided without the presence of an additional staff member.
Question 8
A patient is in the need of shaving. Prior to shaving, the nursing assistant must check if:
A
The patient's care plan indicates specific shaving instructions due to issues with blood clotting.
B
The patient has a history of heart diseases.
C
The patient possesses his/her own razor.
D
The patient has previously rejected ADL.
Question 8 Explanation: 
The nursing assistant must check in advance if the patient has any specific shaving instructions due to his/her health condition indicated in his/her care plan. An electric razor must be used.
Question 9
Which of the following symptoms may accompany fecal impaction?
A
Urine in a dark color.
B
Accumulation of gas.
C
Leeky stool in short intervals.
D
Pain in the abdomen.
Question 9 Explanation: 
During a blockage caused by fecal impaction, occurs a leakage of watery stool as one of the main symptoms during this so-called bowel obstruction.
Question 10
Dyspnea causes difficulties in:
A
Swallowing.
B
Defecating.
C
Urinating.
D
Breathing.
Question 10 Explanation: 
Dyspnea is a condition of laboured breathing.
Question 11
Please mark the correct statement regarding Alzheimer's patients:
A
As this disease progresses, the patients' appetite increases.
B
It is impossible to change the focus or direction of an Alzheimer's patient due to their immediate forgetting.
C
Apart from the frequent confusions, hallucinations are not symptoms of Alzheimer's.
D
Alzheimer's patients should follow a specific routine and be kept away from overstimulating occurrences.
Question 11 Explanation: 
It is highly recommendable for Alzheimer patients to follow and maintain a routine. Common symptoms of this disease include hallucinations and decreased appetite. Patients also need to be often reoriented.
Question 12
Please mark the correct step in the process of making an occupied bed:
A
Remove the soiled linen from the bed and place in on the floor.
B
The bed must be lowered to the lowest level after it has been remade with clean linen.
C
Bed rails should be raised only if necessary.
D
The corners of new sheets shouldn't be mitered.
Question 12 Explanation: 
Lowering the bed to the lowest level is the key to patients' safety. Soiled linen mustn't be placed on the floor while side rails should be raised and the corners of sheets ought to be mitered.
Question 13
Which of these pulse rate indications ought to be reported to the nurse?
A
98
B
82
C
45
D
64
Question 13 Explanation: 
The pulse rate that abberates the regular range of 60 to 100 ought to be immediately reported to the nurse.
Question 14
Please mark the appropriate sign of hypoglycemia:
A
Sweating.
B
Tachycardia.
C
Polyuria.
D
Hot and dry skin.
Question 14 Explanation: 
One of the main signs of hypoglycemia is sweating.
Question 15
Please mark the correct guideline regarding patients with difficulties in hearing:
A
Speak logically and in a slow pace with the patient.
B
Use a high-pitched voice tone when speaking to assure that the patient understands you.
C
Replace speaking with note writing and exchanging with the patient.
D
Enhance communication with the patient by involving their family members as mediators.
Question 15 Explanation: 
Patients who suffer from difficulties in hearing should be spoken to clearly and at a slow pace.
Question 16
Prior to any meal, the patient is ordered to be in a High Fowler's position. Please mark the most accurate description of the High Fowler's position:
A
The patient lies on their stomach prior to eating.
B
The patient sits on their bed which is positioned at a 90-degree angle.
C
The patient has their feet propped up and the bed is at a 60-degree angle.
D
The patient is leaned forward to the left and the bed is at a 30-degree angle.
Question 16 Explanation: 
The High Fowler's position describes the position of a patient in which their head and upper part of the body is between 60 and 90 degrees in relation to their lower body part.
Question 17
The process of changing an incontinent patient requires the following equipment:
A
Medical gloves, gown, and a mask.
B
N-95 medical mask.
C
Medical mask and gown.
D
Gloves and gown.
Question 17 Explanation: 
The nursing assistant must wear a gown and gloves when changing an incontinent patient.
Question 18
Please mark one of the following symptoms which you consider a result of an infection:
A
Skin turgor.
B
Pallor.
C
Sudden confusion.
D
Aphasia.
Question 18 Explanation: 
Infection can often cause a state of sudden confusion, especially to elderly patients. Skin changes are considered normal whereas aphasia may be an indicator of a stroke.
Question 19
What does the term NPO stands for?
A
Liquid diet only.
B
The patient must be in bedrest.
C
Oral temperatures mustn't be taken.
D
Nothing should be obtained through the patient's mouth.
Question 19 Explanation: 
NPO is a Latin abbreviation which originally stands for "nil per os", meaning "nothing by mouth". The patient mustn't take any food, oral medications or fluids.
Question 20
The nurse must be informed if a patient with diabetes:
A
Decides not to complete their will.
B
Combs their hair voluntarily.
C
Reports frequent numbness in their feet.
D
Refuses to eat.
Question 20 Explanation: 
Patients who are suffering from diabetes should have regular meals in order to regulate their blood sugar levels. Numb feet is a common symptom of diabetes.
Question 21
How frequently should the position of bedridden patients be changed?
A
On every 8 hours.
B
On every hour.
C
On every 6 hours.
D
On every 2 hours.
Question 21 Explanation: 
Patients must be repositioned every 2 hours in order to maintain their skin integrity.
Question 22
Which pulse is commonly used for the acquisition of vital signs?
A
Radial.
B
Brachial.
C
Popliteal.
D
Femoral.
Question 22 Explanation: 
The radial pulse provides an easy way of acquiring pulse.
Question 23
Please mark the action that should be taken by a nursing assistant if they notice any signs of aspiration in a patient during mealtime:
A
The nursing assistant should call 911.
B
The nursing assistant should ask the patient if they experience choking.
C
The nursing assistant should perform a CPR on the patient.
D
The nursing assistant should perform the Heimlich maneuver.
Question 23 Explanation: 
The first step, in this case, is clearing the suspicion regarding aspiration in the patient. If the patient replies to the nursing assistant, that means that they can breather. If they can't utter words nor cough, the Heimlich maneuver ought to be immediately performed.
Question 24
Please mark the most adequate answer given by a nursing assistant if a patient asks them about the health condition of their new roommate:
A
"The health condition of all of our patients is kept confidential."
B
"I will look at their chart and provide you the answer."
C
"It might be a good idea if you ask that question yourself".
D
"Your roommate health condition is the same as yours."
Question 24 Explanation: 
According to HIPPA's requirements, any information regarding the patients' health condition mustn't be shared.
Question 25
If an Alzheimer's patient aces an aggravated memory loss, the nursing assistant should obtain their regular gastrointestinal tract function by:
A
Providing dental care for the patient.
B
Keep a record of the patient's gastrointestinal dynamic regarding intake and output.
C
Accompany the patient to the restroom.
D
Call the family members of the patient.
Question 25 Explanation: 
The nursing assistant ought to take the Alzheimer's patient to the restroom in order to provoke a bowel movement. Patients who are suffering from Alzheimer's disease would likely forget the significance of the urge.
Question 26
Please mark the most adequate action that ought to be provided by the nursing assistant if a type-two diabetes patient requires assisting while cutting their toenails:
A
The nursing assistant should provide a safety nail clipper for the patient.
B
The nursing assistant should check the physician's orders about nail clipping.
C
The nursing assistant must check the level of blood glucose of the patient prior to nail clipping.
D
The nursing assistant should report the patient's request to the nurse.
Question 26 Explanation: 
Patients suffering from diabetes often require specific instructions regarding nail clipping.
Question 27
Please mark the most adequate method for prevention od insomnia : 
A
The patient is recommended to practice walking around the facility on a daily basis.
B
The patient is recommended to be on bed rest during the entire day.
C
The patient is recommended to nap at several intervals throughout the day.
D
The patient is recommended to have an apple a day.
Question 27 Explanation: 
Physical activities such as walking promote rest and sleep at bedtime.
Question 28
Which of these actions is appropriate to be performed by a nursing assistant if an elderly patient has a body temperature of 100.6 F and they report to have previously taken a low quantity of hot tea?
A
The nursing assistant takes an axillary temperature.
B
The nursing assistant makes a personal remark about the patient's delayed informing.
C
The nursing assistant retakes the temperature after 15 minutes.
D
The nursing assistant marks the patient's temperature in their chart.
Question 28 Explanation: 
The temperature of the patient's mouth is proven to be more accurate after a certain amount of time has passed. It is not recommendable to take axillary temperatures in elderly patients.
Question 29
Which of these devices ought to be in the room of a patient who suffers from chronic "foot drop"?
A
A mechanical lift.
B
Two additional pillows.
C
A wedge.
D
Positioning boots.
Question 29 Explanation: 
Positioning boots ensure dorsiflexion of the patient's feet and thus prevent discomfort.
Question 30
Please mark what the nursing assistant should do if a patient reports feeling lightheaded and has blood pressure of 82/43:
A
The nursing assistant should instruct the patient to increase his fluids intake.
B
The nursing assistant should take the patient's pulse.
C
The nursing assistant should inform the nurse about the patient's condition.
D
The nursing assistant should record the finding in the patient's chart.
Question 31
The motion term "abduction" signifies:
A
The movement of a limb away from the body.
B
The movement of a limb below the body.
C
The movement of a limb above the body.
D
The movement of a limb toward the body.
Question 31 Explanation: 
The movement of a limb away from the body means to "abduct".
Question 32
Please mark what is mostly of necessity regarding patients' spirituality (if any):
A
The nursing assistant should inquire an explanation by the patient regarding their religious belief.
B
The nursing assistant should provide a daily supply of warm water, clean towels, and hygiene products for the patient.
C
The nursing assistant shouldn't pay any specific attention to religious objects in the patient's room.
D
The nursing assistant should accompany the patient to the chapel in the facility every Sunday.
Question 32 Explanation: 
The individual religious beliefs and behavior of patients must always be respected and supported.
Question 33
Please mark the appropriate body mechanics when lifting patients:
A
The nursing assistant should bend on their knees.
B
The nursing assistant shouldn't ask for assistance or help.
C
The nursing assistant should bend at their waist.
D
The nursing assistant should retain their spine curved.
Question 33 Explanation: 
The only appropriate body mechanic during this action is bending at the knees.
Question 34
Please mark the early symptom of hepatitis:
A
Hypotension.
B
Jaundice.
C
Hyperglycemia.
D
Hypertension.
Question 34 Explanation: 
Jaundice is one of the most frequent conditions in liver diseases.
Question 35
Which of these actions should be taken if a patient is confused?
A
The nursing assistant should ask the patient their name.
B
The nursing assistant should perform a frequent reorientation with clocks, the patient's family mementos or calendars to the patient.
C
The nursing assistant should assure that the patient stays in their room.
D
The nursing assistant should do an hourly check-up of the patient's blood sugar.
Question 35 Explanation: 
Frequent reorientation of confused patients will provide proper care in this case. Other aspects should be avoided.
Question 36
Hospice care should receive:
A
A patient who is terminally ill.
B
A patient who is diagnosed with cancer.
C
A patient who suffers from diabetes.
D
A patient with kidney disease.
Question 36 Explanation: 
Terminally ill patients should be provided hospice care which will relieve their pain.
Question 37
What type of patients suffer from Cheyne-Stokes respirations:
A
Patients who are unconscious.
B
Patients who have suffered from chronic respiratory issues for a longer period of time.
C
Patients who are in the process of recovery from an asthma attack.
D
Patients who are actively dying.
Question 37 Explanation: 
Cheyne-Stokes respirations occur when the patient manifests labored breathing, apnea or increased respirations.
Question 38
What should a nursing assistant do if a patient experiences a panic attack in the day room of the facility?
A
Encourage the patient to talk about their emotional state.
B
Encourage the patient to describe the specifics of their panic attack.
C
Instruct the patient to take frequent deep breaths at a slow pace.
D
Ask the patient to define the cause of their panic attack.
Question 38 Explanation: 
It is strongly advised that the nursing assistant should encourage the patient who is experiencing a panic attack to take a deep breath in slow fashion and, as suggested, count backward from 100 to 1. During a panic attack, the patient would most likely refrain from any kind of verbalization of their current condition.
Question 39
Please mark the orthopneic position in the following descriptions:
A
A patient is seated in a chair with a straight back.
B
A patient sits on one side of the bed, leaned on the bedside table.
C
A patient walks with a medical cane.
D
A patient lays on their stomach and has their face turned to the side.
Question 39 Explanation: 
Orthopneic position encourages the body to lean forward and thus ease the breathing.
Question 40
Please mark the food item which is mostly rich in potassium:
A
Cantaloupe.
B
Toast.
C
Strawberries.
D
Eggs.
Question 40 Explanation: 
Cantaloupe is a type of melon extremely rich in potassium, as well as dark leafy greens and bananas.
Question 41
How should the nursing assistant position the medical cane of a patient who has experienced a stroke and thus suffers from left-side weakness?
A
The cane should be positioned on the right side.
B
The cane should be positioned on the left side.
C
The cane should be positioned in front of the patient.
D
The cane should be positioned away from the patient.
Question 41 Explanation: 
The cane should be positioned on the right side as it will support the weaker side.
Question 42
When should Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) be performed?
A
When a patient becomes unconscious.
B
When a patient doesn't breathe and lacks pulse.
C
When a patient is choking.
D
When a patient has pulse but doesn't breathe.
Question 42 Explanation: 
CPR is performed only on a patient who lacks pules and doesn't breathe.
Question 43
Please mark the initial action that ought to be taken by a nursing assistant if they find a fire that burns in a bin inside a patient's room.
A
The nursing assistant should remove the patient from their room.
B
The nursing assistant should require help from the nurse.
C
The nursing assistant should attempt to extinguish the fire.
D
The nursing assistant should activate the fire alarm.
Question 43 Explanation: 
The nursing assistant should follow the RACE (Rescue, Alarm, Contain, Extinguish) method and immediately remove the patient from the room.
Question 44
Which patient diagnose aligns with the "log-rolling" technique?
A
SCI- Spinal Cord Injury.
B
Psychosis.
C
Right-arm cellulitis.
D
Left tibial fracture.
Question 44 Explanation: 
The "log-rolling" technique prevents the patient's legs to be in a twisting motion and thus, prevents additional damage to the spinal cord.
Question 45
The constantly ignored urinary urgency by a patient may cause:
A
Insomnia.
B
Constipation.
C
Poor appetite.
D
Incontinence.
Question 45 Explanation: 
The delayed or ignored urge to void may affect the obstructed bladder.
Question 46
Please mark the type of grief which is considered common and healthy:
A
Inhibited.
B
Complicated.
C
Anticipatory.
D
Unresolved.
Question 46 Explanation: 
Anticipatory grief is considered a normal type of grieving which commences before the occurrence of the actual loss.
Question 47
Which of these is prohibited during a liquid-only diet?
A
Tea.
B
Orange juice with pulp.
C
Coffee.
D
Water.
Question 47 Explanation: 
The pulp is not a clear liquid due to its high content of particles and it is therefore not allowed in this type of diet.
Question 48
What should the nursing assistant do prior to ambulating a client with a Foley catheter who must ambulate twice a day?
A
The nursing assistant should raise the bag above the level of the bladder.
B
The nursing assistant shoulds retain the bag below the level of the bladder.
C
The nursing assistant should instruct the patient to cover the bag with a pillow sleeve.
D
The nursing assistant should confirm the ambulation order by asking the nurse.
E
This position of the bag will prevent bacteria from moving from the bag into the bladder.
Question 49
A patient may be physically restrained only if the nursing assistant has:  
A
Approval for such intervention by the administrator of the hospital.
B
Approval for such intervention by the charge nurse.
C
Physical restraints at disposal.
D
An order for such intervention by the physician.
Question 49 Explanation: 
Legal application of physical restraints is possible only if ordered by the physician.
Question 50
Please mark the correct recording of the amount of juice taken in a large glass by a patient:
A
480 ml.
B
480 cc.
C
120 ml.
D
120 cc.
Question 50 Explanation: 
Medical field uses only the "ml" abbreviation.
Question 51
When should the nursing assistant collect sputum specimens from a patient who is suspected to have tuberculosis and is on airborne precautions, as ordered by the doctor?
A
Right before the patient goes to sleep.
B
After having a meal.
C
Prior to having a meal.
D
Right after the patient wakes up in the morning.
Question 51 Explanation: 
The sputum specimens are most concentrated and therefore give the most precise results in the morning.
Question 52
Please mark the most appropriate reaction by a nursing assistant in case of finding a patient masturbating in the patient's room:  
A
The nursing assistant should make a personal remark about the patient and his action.
B
The nursing assistant should retreat from the patient's room.
C
The nursing assistant should report the occurrence to the nurse in charge.
D
The nursing assistant should ask the patient questions regarding the reason behind his action.
Question 52 Explanation: 
The nursing assistant should always respect the patients' privacy and intimacy.
Question 53
If a patient is in a severely nervous state and manifests aggression, the nursing assistant should:
A
Play the TV in order to distract the patient's attention.
B
Refrain from providing help unless necessary.
C
Address the client in with an authoritative tone and in a calm fashion.
D
Use physical restraints in order to prevent any threats to safety.
Question 53 Explanation: 
The agitated patient should feel comfort in the voice tone of the assistant. Physical restraints are not recommendable.
Question 54
If a terminally ill patient informs the nursing assistant that each night they're praying to God for forgiveness, they experience the following stage of grief:
A
Denial.
B
Anger.
C
Bargaining.
D
Acceptance.
Question 54 Explanation: 
The bargaining is a normal stage in the process of grieving, in which a patient asks for forgiveness as a cure for his illness.
Question 55
Please mark the item of assistive equipment which is of most service when an immobile patient is moved from their bed to a chair:
A
Gait belt.
B
Mechanical lift.
C
Wrist restraints.
D
Draw sheet.
Question 55 Explanation: 
Immobile patients should be moved with the help of a mechanical lift.
Question 56
Where should the catheter of a patient with a Foley catheter be secured by the nursing assistant when giving a bath to the patient?
A
To the sheet of the bed.
B
To the bed.
C
To the lateral aspect of the patient's thigh.
D
To the medial aspect of the patient's thigh.
Question 56 Explanation: 
The catheter should be secured to the lateral aspect of the patient's thigh, so it won't be pulled.
Question 57
Please mark the most adequate answer from a nursing assistant to a patient who has found out about the sudden death of their spouse:
A
The nursing assistant should ask whether the patient has had any children with their spouse.
B
The nursing assistant should tell the patient that this is considered an ordinary event.
C
The nursing assistant should express understanding of the patient's emotional condition and should stay with them.
D
The nursing assistant should comment that the patient would most likely need time to recover from their aggravated emotional state.
Question 57 Explanation: 
This answer reflects care and compassion.
Question 58
Which of the following methods is most appropriate when giving help to a patient who has suffered a right-sided stroke while having a bath?
A
The nursing assistant should provide the entire bath for the patient.
B
The nursing assistant should give instructions to the patient for taking a bath.
C
The nursing assistant should ask about the patient preferences when having a bath.
D
The nursing assistant should encourage the patient to perform the bath individually.
Question 58 Explanation: 
If possible, the patient to should be encouraged to perform the bath individually with an offered assistance by the nursing assistant.
Question 59
Please mark the type of burn that is signified by red skin covered in blisters that may occur when a patient experience burns:
A
Serious burn.
B
Partial thickness burn.
C
Superficial burn.
D
Total thickness burn.
Question 59 Explanation: 
These symptoms indicate a partial thickness burn.
Question 60
Which of these procedures is most recommendable when a patient has not experienced bowel movement in 4 days?
A
Enema.
B
Colonoscopy.
C
Catheterization.
D
Endoscopy.
Question 60 Explanation: 
The enema is a procedure that would expel the bowel contents before possible impaction.
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