How to Become a Landscaper:
The Ultimate Guide & Step-by-Step Instructions

If you’ve ever stopped and admired the gorgeous lawns and landscapes around buildings, homes, golf courses, and more, you’ve probably wondered who is responsible for keeping those areas beautiful, clean, and safe.

In short, people employed as landscapers — often called groundskeepers, landscape architects, maintenance workers, and more — are the ones in charge of handling those beautiful landscapes.

Landscapers don’t require (by law) too much formal training, education, or certification, but there are plenty of courses, education, training, and certifications that you can participate in to become one of the best landscapers in the business.

Interested in becoming a landscaper?

Want to learn more about how to become a landscaper, what sort of education is required to become a landscaper, what landscapers make, and more, read on!

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What Does a Landscaper Do?

Aspiring landscapers do a number of different things, but most importantly, they spend time outside working in a hands-on-way.

Landscapers work in both rural and urban areas performing a variety of tasks within landscapes in order to keep them clean, safe, and beautiful.

Landscapers must be fit and healthy, as they’ll participate in tasks like planting, weeding, installing landscape features, land gradient alterations, improving draining, laying turf, and improving landscape overall.

Some landscapers specialize in architecture, design, and implementation of the landscape.

Being a landscaper requires flexible skills, learned technique, experience, and mentorship.


Landscapers are often responsible for:

  • planting
  • seeding
  • mowing
  • lawn management
  • landscape feature implementation
  • draining system implementation and maintenance
  • use of heavy equipment and machinery
  • weeding
  • laying turf
  • improving landscape design

and more..

Let's Talk Salary

While landscaping is a rewarding job, it’s typically not an incredibly high paying job.

The median wage for landscapers as of May 2017 was about $14.28 per hour, with the lowest ten percent of landscapers earning about $9.59 per hour.

At the high point, earners earned about $20.61 per hour.

These numbers, of course, depend on where you work, what kind of landscaping you do, the size of your business, and how many clients you serve.

  • Annually
  • Monthly
  • Hourly

Annually National Average Salary: $35,240


Average Annual Salary by State

StateAvg. Annual Salary
District of Columbia$46,780
New Hampshire$37,610
New Jersey$38,140
New Mexico$32,760
New York$40,340
North Carolina$32,340
North Dakota$36,880
Rhode Island$40,490
South Carolina$31,170
South Dakota$31,840
West Virginia$27,760
Puerto Rico$19,710
Virgin Islands$32,940

Annual Average Salary: Top 5 States

The top earning state in the field is District of Columbia, where the average salary is $46,780.

These are the top 5 earning states in the field:

District of Columbia - $46,780
Massachusetts - $42,890
Washington - $42,020
Vermont - $41,350
Connecticut - $41,030
*Salary information based on the May 2021 Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey.
Conducted by: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Department of Labor.
* Employment conditions in your area may vary.

How to Become a Landscaper

Step 1Understand the Requirements in Your State

As we mentioned, every state has a different requirement for prospective landscapers.

Some states require that you become certified to work with certain pesticides and chemicals and must pass a state board exam.

Other forms of landscaping specialties (like landscape design or arboriculture) might require certain licenses or courses.

Make sure you know what requirements are necessary before you begin your landscaping journey.

Step 2Earn Your Requirements and Explore Your Options

After you’ve checked every box on the requirement list, try to explore your career options.

Instead of outright finding employment as a landscaper, look into your options for contract landscaping, architecture for landscaping, groundskeeper, nursery managers, grounds supervisors, and more.

Don’t settle on a single job before you know what you’re interested in.

Step 3Gain Experience

Try working with a mentor, become an apprentice, or land an internship working with your local landscaping company.

If that wont’ work, try to find a company that will provide you with plenty of on-the-job training.

This is going to be where you learn the most and what will make you the best landscaper you can be, so ensure that you’re investing time and effort into your training.

Step 4Pursue Certification

While certification and licensing is typically not required to work as a landscaper, earning these can help you landscaping career immensely

Try taking courses and exams with The Professional Landcare Network, the Professional Grounds Management Society, and more!

How Much Education is Required to Become a Landscaper?

For most jobs in landscaping, a formal education is not required.

Most of the education you need for a landscapers position will be learned on the job, through certification programs (should you choose to enroll in them), and via a mentor.

In most cases, prospective landscapers will likely need a high school degree or a GED equivalent, but this is not always a requirement.

Should you choose to pursue a more lucrative landscaping career with special education in horticulture, arboriculture, or landscape design, you might need to complete courses, formal knowledge, and further training.

Video About The Career

What Certifications or Licenses Do You Need to Be a Landscaper?

Education levels and requirements will vary per state to work as a landscaper, and according to the BSL, many states will require that you are licensed and certified if you plan to work with pesticides and chemicals.

Typically, you’ll need to pass a test on the safe use of landscaping chemicals.

Depending on your employer, you might be required to have a driver’s license.

Though it’s not required, you might consider earning voluntary professional certifications from associations like The Professional Grounds Management Society and the Professional Landcare Network.

Certification Example:

landscaper certificate example

Average Training Program Duration: 0-6 Months

There are typically no certifications required in order to be a landscaper, but if you plan to take professional certification courses, expect to spend 6-10 weeks completing coursework.

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What is the Job Outlook for Landscapers?

The wonderful thing about Landscaping as an industry is that it’s an ever-growing and ever-in-demand occupation.

People will continue to need landscape design, landscape architecture, maintenance, and more, and as those needs increase, the demand for people who can do these tasks will increase as well.

The BLS projects that between 2016-2026, the landscaping industry will grow by about 11 percent, this is listed as faster than average for all occupations in the United States.

Employment Growth Projection: 8%


That's a higher than average projected growth of 85,000 jobs.

Landscaper: Interest Over Time

Should You Become a Landscaper?

Overall Satisfaction: Medium

Overall Satisfaction

Overall, being a landscaper is a rewarding, but challenging, job.

The physical demand is quite high, meaning you’ll need to remain healthy and in shape in order to do your job correctly.

You’ll also need to be prepared to work in tough climate conditions.

The salary is relatively average but the job outlook is quite positive.

Overall, the general satisfaction score is rated as medium, but will be a rewarding job for folks who like to be outside, like a challenge, and don’t mind physical labor.

Average Salary: Medium

Average Salary

Landscapers typically earn hourly wages of about $13, but receive an annual salary of about $27,670 per year.

On the high end, landscapers can earn up to $21 per hour, but on the low end, can anticipate making about $9.66.

Job Growth Outlook: High

Job Growth Outlook

The BSL reports that the landscaping industry is set to grow faster than most occupation in the United States.

By 2026, the job outlook will likely grow by 11 percent for landscapers.

Education Duration: 0-6 Months

Education Duration

There is usually no formal education requirement for the landscaping industry, however, for specializations, you might need to take courses, earn certification, or earn formal education.

Personal Skills Needed

Personal Skills Needed

Here are a few personal skills you will need to be a successful landscaper:

  • ability to learn and grow
  • dedication
  • persistence
  • mental toughness
  • ability to work as a team member as well as independently
  • project deadline management
  • focus
  • safety focus

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. How Much Can You Make with a Landscaping Business?

Typically, landscapers make about $28,000 annually with hourly rates of about $13.51 on average.

Q. What Do You Do as a Landscaper?

As a landscaper, you will be expected to work outside in all climate conditions to care for, manage, and design outdoor spaces.

You will likely work with heavy machinery, chemicals, and sharp objects. Typically, you will weed, mow, water, build, fertilize, do seasonal clean up, and a myriad of other things.

Q. How Many Hours a Day Does a Landscaper Work?

Landscapers can typically count on working long hours, meaning, if the sun is up, they’re likely outside working.

Q. How Much Does a Landscaper Make an Hour?

On average, landscapers make about $13 per hour.

Q. Do You Have to Have a Degree to be a Landscaper?

No. In most cases you do not need a degree.

If you are looking to specialize in horticulture or arboriculture, you might need a degree.

Q. What Skills Do You Need to Have to be a Landscaper?

If you’re looking to be a landscaper, it helps to be:

  • dedicated and hardworking
  • a good team member and independent worker
  • physical toughness
  • fit and healthy body
  • the ability to work with heavy machinery
  • the ability to work in bad weather

Similar Careers

  1. Avatar for Angela Angela

    I am very grateful for this free resource provided here. It has really made me see this is a better light and now I am sure I can do this.

  2. Avatar for Joyce Joyce

    Honestly, I admire landscapers when I see them working on the lawns and I’ve always wanted something like that. Good thing I have this to put me through.

  3. Avatar for Pearl Pearl

    Just when I thought landscaping is an easy job, I stumble across this material. Now I don’t know how to begin.

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